Feeding management technology of puppies

After the birth of the pups, the living environment has changed. At this time, the organ development of the pups is not complete. The adjustment ability is poor and the adaptability is weak. It is easy to die. Therefore, effective feeding and management measures must be taken to increase the survival rate of puppies. I. Feeding and management of puppies during sleep 1. Feeding: The puppies in the sleeping period have a rapid growth. Therefore, they should try their best to eat milk and eat enough milk. In particular, the colostrum secreted by female rabbits within 1-2 days after childbirth is rich in nutrients and has a laxative effect, which is conducive to promoting the growth of puppies and eliminating meconium. The metabolism of the pups is very strong. Most of the milk that is eaten is digested and absorbed, and there is very little excrement of feces. Therefore, as long as the puppies are raised during sleep, their normal growth and development can be guaranteed as long as they can eat enough milk and sleep well. 2. Management: Practice has shown that the survival rate of puppies during sleep is closely related to the feeding and management measures: (1) Good care for fostering rabbits: In the production practice, some females often have more calves and some females have fewer calves. To this end, it is necessary to do a good job of adjusting and fostering the young rabbits. Normal female rabbits that normally lactating can feed 6-8 kittens. The fostering method is to remove the puppies with similar date of birth from the nest box, and foster them according to the size and size of the body. (2) Implementation of forced breast-feeding: Some female rabbits have poor nursery acupuncture, especially for the first-born female rabbits. If they do not receive lactation after giving birth, they will die if they are not treated in time. For forced breast-feeding, the female rabbit is fixed in the nest box, and then the young rabbit is placed beside the nipple of the female rabbit, allowing it to suck freely and 1-2 times a day. After 3-5 consecutive days, most female rabbits will automatically breast-feed. (3) Artificial breast-feeding: If the female rabbit is dead, has no milk, or suffers from mastitis after the baby is born, it cannot be breast-feeding or if the female rabbit is not fostered. Artificial breast-feeding may be used. Artificial nursing can be replaced with milk, goat milk or condensed milk. The syringe can be used when feeding, allowing it to freely suck. (4) Appropriate temperature: The temperature of the pups' holding room is preferably kept at 15°C-20°C. (5) To prevent rat damage: Close the rabbit cage and rabbit's nest tightly, and do not allow the rat to enter. In the case that it is impossible to block cages or block holes, the nest boxes can be numbered in a unified manner, protected in the evening, sent back to the original cage during the day, and fed regularly. Second, the opening of the pups feeding and management of puppies After opening the eyes of the pups to experience nesting, feeding, weaning and other stages, which is the second crucial period for raising a puppies. 1. Feeding: The growth and development of puppies after opening their eyes is very fast, and breast milk has begun to decrease, which can not meet the nutritional needs of pups, and must be done as early as possible. Production practice shows that generally young puppies will come out of their nests and find food around the age of 15 days. At this time, they can begin feeding. They should feed a small amount of nutritious and easily digestible feed, such as soybean milk, bean dregs or chopped young grass. , leaves and so on. After 20 days of age, appropriate cereals, bran, corn flour, and a small amount of charcoal powder, vitamins, inorganic salts, garlic, and onions can be fed to enhance the physique of the pups and reduce disease. 2.Management: First, the pups have small stomach and weak digestive ability, but they have fast growth and development. When feed is started, they should be fed less frequently, preferably 5-6 times per day. After 30 days of age, they can gradually turn to feed. Mainly and ready for pre-weaning. Second, the young rabbits are best kept in separate cages after feeding and they are fed once a day. This allows the pups to feed evenly, rest quietly, and reduce their exposure to the feces of the female rabbit to prevent coccidiosis. Thirdly, puppies are usually weaned at 28-30 days of age. When weaning, we should use the method of leaving milk without leaving the cage. We should try our best to make feed, environment and management unchanged so as to prevent various unfavorable stress reactions. Fourth, after the puppies started eating, the feces increased and began to eat soft manure. According to rabbit production practice, at this time, the rabbits should not be over-fed to the green feed with high water content, otherwise it will easily cause diarrhea, bloating and death.

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