Canine distemper fever is caused by canine distemper virus infection and is characterized by bipolar fever, rhinitis, bronchial pneumonia, and severe digestive dysfunction. Wherever dogs are raised, this disease occurs throughout the year, with the cold season as the majority. Dogs of different ages, sexes, and breeds can infect. Young dogs under one year of age are the most susceptible, and the condition is serious and the mortality rate is high. Dog fever is a common disease that has severely jeopardized the development of the dog breeding industry in recent years.
The disease is mainly caused by direct contact between a healthy dog â€‹â€‹and a sick dog, which is infected by respiratory droplets through the respiratory tract or eating contaminated food through the digestive tract. In addition to dogs, wolves, foxes and cats also report on this disease. The diseased dogs showed an increase in body temperature to 40Â°C, which improved slightly after about two days. The body temperature increased again, and the spirit was depressed and anorexia. Dry eyelids (in separate cases, tears) visual mucosal arterial engorgement. Nasal watery secretions, and then row of thick mucus, often dry around the nostrils, sneezing, coughing, pneumonia symptoms. Digestive dysfunction, vomiting, constipation, late odor diarrhea, mucus or blood mixed with feces. Longer duration viruses penetrate deep into the brain and often cause neurological symptoms such as paralysis, circling, gait instability, and ataxia. Without timely treatment and care, sick dogs have a poor prognosis.
Dogs infected with this disease often suffer from multiple diseases, which is an important cause of exacerbations and high mortality. According to expert studies, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Pasteurella multocida, Salmonella are the most common secondary pathogens. It has also been found that dog adenovirus causing canine infectious hepatitis is often co-infected with canine distemper virus.
Prevention of this disease is a reliable measure of immunization, can choose to use dog fever attenuated vaccine or canine distemper, infectious hepatitis, canine parainfluenza triple vaccine for immunization. Dogs older than 3 months old can be vaccinated once. Dogs 3 months old or younger should be vaccinated a second time after the first two weeks of inoculation.
Because this disease is caused by a virus infection, there is no other effective therapy for the treatment of this disease except that the serum of dogs with high fever has a certain effect. In view of the fact that this disease is susceptible to multiple diseases, the principles of treatment for strengthening nursing, symptomatic treatment, strengthening body resistance, and preventing secondary infection can be adopted. Hyperthermia with intramuscular injection of 2 ml of aminopyrine injection; 5 ml of berberine injection with intramuscular injection of berberine and 2 ml of vitamin B2 intramuscularly; 5 ml of compound sulfadiazine sodium injection to prevent secondary infection Intramuscular injection of 1 ml of Misosone injection, while strengthening the environmental disinfection; dehydration severe cardiac rehydration. These measures can effectively promote the rehabilitation of dogs.
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