At this point, acupuncture and moxibustion is not only China's cultural heritage, but also one of the intangible cultural heritage of mankind.
Application is not a purpose
Wu Gang, deputy director of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, stated: â€œThe successful application of this project is an accreditation of Chinese traditional medical culture, the promotion, protection and development of the precious heritage of â€œChinese medicine acupunctureâ€, and raising the international communityâ€™s excellence towards the Chinese nation. The attention and understanding of traditional culture, and the promotion of dialogue and exchange between Chinese traditional culture and other cultures of the world, and the protection of cultural diversity are of far-reaching significance."
In 2006, acupuncture was included in the first national intangible cultural heritage list. In September 2008, China declared "Chinese medicine" to UNESCO as "a representative list of human intangible cultural heritage," and in October 2009 changed to "acupuncture and moxibustion for Chinese medicine" declaration due to the specific requirements of the declaration rules.
In May of this year, the project was approved by the affiliated institution of UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage Division. On November 16, the fifth meeting of the UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage was reviewed and adopted. Enter the "Introduction to the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Mankind."
"We cannot treat acupuncture as a simple needle-punching technique." The experts pointed out that acupuncture is a national essence and has become the world's intangible cultural heritage because it represents a completely different medical theory from Western modern medicine. Human, natural cognitive system.
Change the neglected fate
When one talks about â€œheritageâ€, people will naturally think of â€œendangered.â€ For Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion applications, there are also doubts within the acupuncture circle: Acupuncture is not endangered.
Wu Gang explained that UNESCO's definition of intangible cultural heritage includes two major categories: First, projects that are endangered and urgently needed to be rescued; second, there are outstanding projects with long history and ethnic characteristics. The Chinese herbal acupuncture application belongs to the latter.
"I did a theoretical study of acupuncture, but I still do not know how many colleagues in the country." Huang Longxiang laments.
According to reports, although Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion have been used by more and more people, with the popularization of modern science and technology and medicine, the theory and cultural connotation of acupuncture and moxibustion have gradually been neglected and diluted. Some features that require long-term practical experience can grasp Techniques are in danger of being lost.
"How to make Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion preserve the essence and basic skills that must be mastered in the process of dissemination is our historical responsibility." Wang Guoqiang, deputy director of the Ministry of Health and director of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine pointed out. Wang Guoqiang said that in recent years, China has formulated a number of policies and measures to vigorously promote the inheritance and innovation of Chinese medicine.
It is understood that the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine will explore the contents of the protection of intangible cultural heritage of "Chinese medicine acupuncture and moxibustion", explore different inheritance models, improve the inheritance mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture, strengthen the promotion of traditional Chinese medicine through multiple channels, and strengthen the cultural heritage of traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture. Protection.
Market is not satisfied
"Reporting success is not an end in order to better protect and pass on the success. The success of the application is also a good opportunity for Chinese acupuncture to achieve better development." Wang Guoqiang said.
Although there are such opportunities, there are still many issues before us: On the one hand, with the introduction of modern scientific and technological methods, acupuncture has been given a lot of new content, such as electro-acupuncture, laser acupuncture, acupoint injection, acupoints drug application Acupoint magnetic therapy, acupuncture point infrared radiation, etc., the use of these treatment methods to improve the therapeutic effect of acupuncture; the other hand, the traditional techniques of acupuncture and meridian acupoints related to the treatment has become less and less modern acupuncture doctors The use of a variety of family-disseminated acupuncture techniques and stunts scattered among the people are also scarce, and are in danger of being lost or extinct. .
At the same time, the physiological mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion has not yet been elucidated. There is an urgent need to scientifically and stipulate the specifications of acupuncture operations, including whether the acupuncture can produce effects, what effects are produced, and the size of the effects. The acupuncture stimulation method, acupuncture site and stimulation amount are The relevance of collective functional status, etc.
"Acupuncture needs standardization and standardization," said the expert.
The good news is: In recent years, China has successively initiated research and development programs such as the Chinese Acupuncture Acupuncture Code, the National Acupoint Designation Standard, and the Acupuncture Technical Operational Standards, which have made some progress. Up to now, China has formulated and promulgated 23 national standards for acupuncture and moxibustion, including 18 acupuncture technical operating specifications, including "Acupuncture Technique Specification for Auricular Acupuncture" and other two basic standards related to acupoint positioning and "Acupuncture" needle". At present, there are six national standards for acupuncture and moxibustion that are expected to be officially promulgated next year.
Zhu Bing, director of the Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion at the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, believes that on the one hand, we must extract the essence of tradition and pass on it well. On the other hand, we should actively encourage some valuable innovations, such as the research and development of household acupuncture and moxibustion instruments. Promotion.
It is reported that at present, there are few companies producing Chinese medicine diagnosis and treatment equipment in China, and the scale of the company is small. The general functions of traditional Chinese medicine diagnosis and treatment equipment produced are relatively simple and uneven, which cannot fully meet the clinical needs.
The reporter learned that some domestic listed companies have expressed interest in the market gap of Chinese medical devices. For example, Yuyue Medical acquired a company specializing in R&D, production and sales of Chinese medical device products and professional equipment last year. The company has a national patent for the SDZ series of electronic acupuncture instruments, acupuncture needles and other products.
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