First, rational breeding
Chicks are generally eaten 24 to 26 hours after hatching. After eating, feed such as millet, crushed corn, etc. can be sprinkled on the red or green plastic sheet to allow the chicks to practice foraging. After 3 days, the feed is gradually changed to compound feed. The number of feedings is usually 5 to 6 times a day for 1 to 45 days and 4 to 5 times after 46 days. Each time it is not appropriate to feed too much, it is better to feed less, and feed 80% satiety. Always provide enough clean drinking water. From 1 to 4 days old, it is best to drink 5% warm brown sugar water in order to facilitate the absorption and utilization of the remaining egg yolk in the chick's belly. When feeding, it is necessary to pay attention to changes in the consumption of feed at any time. Excessive or too little feed consumption is a precursor to the disease of the chicks.
Second, strengthen insulation
Maintaining proper temperature in the brooding room is an important condition for successful brooding. After hatching, the chicks have few fuzz on their bodies and have extremely poor cold resistance. Chicken body metabolism is strong, while intake is small, and body temperature regulation center is not yet sound, the heat energy generated by itself can not maintain the physiological heat needs. Therefore, brooding must do a good job of artificial insulation. The number of general newborn chicks is kept at 33-35Â°C in the room, and decreases by about 2 to 4Â°C per week thereafter. After 30 to 40 days of age, artificial insulation can only be stopped. At present, the heat sources used for artificial heat preservation include coal stoves, heat preservation crucibles, power insulation umbrellas, heat preservation boxes, flue gas channels, and infrared rays. The chicken farmer may choose according to his own actual conditions to ensure that the temperature of the brooding room is appropriate.
Third, humidity regulation
Chicks are suitable for living in an environment with a relative humidity of about 60 to 65%. If the humidity in the brooding room is too high, you can change the litter, do not let the water wet the mat, and you can also reduce the humidity by strengthening the indoor ventilation; if the humidity is too low, you can burn water on the heat source, or spread water on the sidewalk. Humidification.
Fourth, reasonable lighting
In chicks 1 to 2 days of age, 24 hours of light can be used to make chicks familiar with the environment for eating and drinking. However, lighting should not be too bright. Generally, it is advisable to install a 1ç›25W light bulb per 20m2. At the age of 3 to 14 days, the lamp can be turned on only during feeding at night, and there is no need to turn on the lights during the day so that the chicks can rest to promote growth and development. After 2 weeks of age, if the weather is warm and sunny, chicks can be allowed to go outdoors and go for activities. However, the activity time at the beginning should not be too long, generally about half an hour is appropriate. After the activity time can be extended gradually, so that the chicks get enough sunlight and full exercise to enhance the resistance of the chicken body.
V. Breeding density
The raising density of the brooding room should not be too large. Generally, about 20 chicks of 1 to 7 days old per square meter area are suitable. Later, as the age increases, the number of animals is gradually reduced. If the breeding density is too large in the brooding room, it will not only cause poor growth and development of the chicks, but also increase the incidence rate, and it will also increase the mortality rate and the residual rate, thereby reducing the feeding efficiency.
The brooding room should pay special attention to ventilation. One chick needs to breathe more than 50 times a minute and inhales oxygen to exhale carbon dioxide gas. At the same time, ammonia gas is continuously released from chicken manure. If the brooding room does not remove these harmful gases in time, replacing the fresh air will lead to poor growth and development of chicks, respiratory diseases, and eye infections. Ventilation and ventilation in the brooding room is a contradiction. An effective solution to this problem is:
1, the window is not stable glass, nail white gauze or plastic cloth, nails from time to time, so that the indoor intermittent ventilation, ventilation, but also insulation.
2. When the temperature is high at noon every day, open the window for ventilation.
Seven, keep the environment quiet
Chicks are very timid and very sensitive to small changes in the surrounding environment. Any disturbance from the outside will cause a serious panic attack on the chicks, causing the chicks to crush each other and cause death. Therefore, the brooding room should pay attention to keep the environment quiet, prevent cats and dogs from entering the disturbance, and refuse to visit. Because the visit not only disturbs the rest of the chicks, but also contagious diseases.
Eight, do a good job of prevention
The common diseases of chickens are white psoriasis, coccidiosis, and Newcastle disease (ie chicken gizzards). To prevent these diseases, in addition to keeping the brooding room clean and hygienic, indoor and outdoor utensils and feeding utensils are cleaned and disinfected every day, we must also perform symptomatic drug control:
1. Chicken white quail: The prevention of chicken fleas can be added in the feed when chicks are 1-20 days old. 03% of oxytetracycline or hexomycin.
2, coccidiosis: to prevent coccidiosis, the chicks can be 21 days of age, add 0.04% of furazolidone in the feed, fed 3 days, stop 2 days, repeated feeding to 15 to 45 days.
3. Newcastle disease (ie chicken gizzards): To prevent Newcastle disease, chicks may be vaccinated with Newcastle Disease II attenuated virus seedlings at 15 days of age.
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